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First Aid Basics For Pet Owners

Sometimes, accidents simply cannot be avoided. And this also runs true for pets. Most of the time, the popularly owned household pets, dogs, and cats, will get hurt or ill because of an accident. Since there is already no time to waste when your pet figures in an accident, it would be helpful that you know the basics of giving first aid and how to immediately help your furry friend.

One of the most common accidents involving pets is getting hit or run over by a car. This serious kind of accident requires the owners to bring their pets immediately to their vet or an animal clinic. However, while on the way to the vet or clinic, owners can do the following to help the pet feel less pain and not to further aggravate any sustained injuries:

If the pet is not acting out aggressively, you can help stabilize any broken bone by covering it with a bandage or by using a splinter. In case the pet has an open wound, cover it with gauze or any clean and sanitized piece of cloth so that further infections can be avoided.

When taking your injured pet to the vet or hospital, put the dog or cat in a carrier or open box. Carrying your hurt pet might just make his or her condition worse.

It is also important to keep in mind that even if the pet is seriously hurt, it can still bite or try to hurt you, even if you are only trying to help. As such, keep your face and hands away from its mouth, as a good safety precaution.

Another common mishap pet-owners may encounter with their furry friends is their pets accidentally swallowing poisonous products. Unfortunately, any home has an endless supply of poisonous and toxic products: cleaning products such as detergents, dishwashing soap, and bleach. Also, certain sanitizing staples at home such as alcohol are common toxic items for pets.

The usual symptoms that your pet has ingested some poisonous products are:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Breathing difficulties

Of course, if your pet has been poisoned, you need to rush immediately to an emergency vet. Before going out or on your way to the vet, you can give your pet milk of magnesia or activated charcoal, if you have them. These items can absorb the poison your pet accidentally ingested. Also, make sure that you take a sample of the poisonous product accidentally swallowed so that the vet can treat your pet better and more effectively.

Here are a few first aid tips for other various difficult situations your pet can experience. 

If you feel your dog has a temperature you can check it at home. Place the thermometer in the rectum of the animal for about one to one and a half minutes. Never try to check the temperature of dogs orally.

If your dog faces an accident in traffic he may try to harm the person on road. In such a situation of shock firstly tie a muzzle around his neck and lift him calmly. See what type of wounds he has got. If he has got a fractured place his leg slowly on a pillow or something so that he may feel less pain. Do not move him to avoid any spinal injury and immediately take him to a vet, and make sure that the office has necessary veterinary neurologist equipment if your pet needs some surgical procedures.

Insect bites are very common in dogs. If you feel the area around his mouth swelled check for any sting there. If you locate a bee sing carefully take it out with forceps. Give the compresses of cold water. And if the bite is on the neck or somewhere you cannot help take him to vet for help.

If it is bleeding due to bites or any wound apply cold compresses. Press it with cotton dipped in cold water. And if the blood still flows take him to the doctor. Tourniquets should not be used unless the blood flow is quite profuse.

So, it is very important to know these things to help your pet in an emergency before you can take him to the doctor.

Broken bones – muzzle and lay your pet down on a flat surface. Call your vet and wrap the animal in a blanket, using a stretcher or board to securely transport your pet. Remember, do not try to set any bones as this may cause more harm than good.

Bleeding – using a gauze pad, apply pressure to the wound to stop bleeding. Call your vet. If the wound is on the leg, it may require a tourniquet. Some signs of internal bleeding are blood in the urine, pale gums, coughing up blood, or bleeding from the nose, mouth, or rectum. In that case, call your vet immediately and keep your pet warm and calm. Talk to Dr Isaac Cortes for inquiries or any consultations.

Remember, taking steps to prevent accidents from happening is just as important as knowing what to do in an emergency.